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ufi_command.c

/*
    ufiformat Version 0.9 2006/01/21

    Copyright (C) 2005 Kazuhiro Hayashi <tedi@tedi.sakura.ne.jp>
    Copyright (C) 2005 John Floyd <jfloyd@bigpond.net.au>

    The method of formatting a floppy on USB-FDD used in this program
    is introduced by Bruce M Simpson.

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
    as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
    of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
*/

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#  include "config.h"
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <scsi/scsi.h>
#include <scsi/sg.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "ufi_command.h"

#define TIME_OUT (100 * 1000) /* milliseconds */

static const unsigned char TEST_UNIT_READY_CMD[] = {
    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

static const unsigned char READ_FORMAT_CAPACITIES_CMD[] = {
    0x23, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

static const unsigned char INQUIRY_CMD[] = {
    0x12, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

static const unsigned char MODE_SENSE_CMD[] = {
    0x5A, 0x00, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

static const unsigned char FORMAT_UNIT_CMD[] = {
    0x04, 0x17, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

static const unsigned char FORMAT_UNIT_DATA[] = {
    0x00, 0xB0, 0x00, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

static int verbose = 0;

void ufi_set_verbose(int v)
{
    verbose = v;
}

static int ufi_invoke(int fd, const char *cmd, size_t cmd_size, char *data, size_t data_size, int direction)
{
    sg_io_hdr_t sg_io_hdr;
    unsigned char sense_buffer[32];

    memset(&sg_io_hdr, 0, sizeof(sg_io_hdr));
    sg_io_hdr.interface_id = 'S';
    sg_io_hdr.cmdp = (char *)cmd;
    sg_io_hdr.cmd_len = cmd_size;
    sg_io_hdr.dxfer_direction = direction;
    sg_io_hdr.dxferp = data;
    sg_io_hdr.dxfer_len = data_size;
    sg_io_hdr.sbp = sense_buffer;
    sg_io_hdr.mx_sb_len = sizeof(sense_buffer);
    sg_io_hdr.timeout = TIME_OUT;

    if (ioctl(fd, SG_IO, &sg_io_hdr) < 0) {
        return UFI_ERROR;
    }
    if (cmd[0] == TEST_UNIT_READY_CMD[0]) {
      if (sg_io_hdr.masked_status == CHECK_CONDITION &&
          (sense_buffer[2] & 0xf) == 0x6 && sense_buffer[12] == 0x28 && sense_buffer[13] == 0x00) {
          /* media change */
          if (ioctl(fd, SG_IO, &sg_io_hdr) < 0) {
            return UFI_ERROR;
          }
      }
      if (sg_io_hdr.masked_status == CHECK_CONDITION &&
          (sense_buffer[2] & 0xf) == 0x3 && sense_buffer[12] == 0x30 && sense_buffer[13] == 0x01) {
          /* unformatted media */
          return UFI_UNFORMATTED_MEDIA;
      }
      if (sg_io_hdr.masked_status == CHECK_CONDITION &&
          (sense_buffer[2] & 0xf) == 0x2 && sense_buffer[12] == 0x3a && sense_buffer[13] == 0x00) {
          /* no media */
          return UFI_NO_MEDIA;
      }
    }
    if (sg_io_hdr.masked_status != GOOD) {
      if (verbose) {
          int i;
          fprintf(stderr, "SCSI error(command=%02x, status=%02x)\n", *cmd, sg_io_hdr.masked_status);
          for (i = 0; i < sizeof(sense_buffer); i++) {
            printf("%02x ", sense_buffer[i]);
            if (i % 16 == 15) printf("\n");
          }
      }
      errno = EPROTO;
      return UFI_ERROR;
    }
    return UFI_GOOD;
}

#define ufi_invoke_to(fd, cmd, data) \
  ufi_invoke(fd, cmd, sizeof(cmd), data, sizeof(data), SG_DXFER_TO_DEV)
#define ufi_invoke_from(fd, cmd, data) \
  ufi_invoke(fd, cmd, sizeof(cmd), data, sizeof(data), SG_DXFER_FROM_DEV)
#define ufi_invoke_no(fd, cmd) \
  ufi_invoke(fd, cmd, sizeof(cmd), NULL, 0, SG_DXFER_TO_DEV)

static char *dup_name(const char *src, int offset, int count)
{
    int i;
    char *name;
    
    for (i = count; i > 0; i--) {
      if (src[offset + i - 1] != ' ') {
          break;
      }
    }
    name = malloc(i + 1);
    memcpy(name, src + offset, i);
    name[i] = '\0';
    return name;
}

#define TWO_BYTES_TO_INT(ptr) ((*(ptr) << 8) + *((ptr) + 1))
#define THREE_BYTES_TO_INT(ptr) ((TWO_BYTES_TO_INT(ptr) << 8) + *((ptr) + 2))
#define FOUR_BYTES_TO_INT(ptr) ((THREE_BYTES_TO_INT(ptr) << 8) + *((ptr) + 3))

int ufi_test_unit_ready(int fd)
{
    int result;
    result = ufi_invoke_no(fd, TEST_UNIT_READY_CMD);
    return result == UFI_GOOD ? UFI_FORMATTED_MEDIA : result;
}

struct ufi_capacities *ufi_read_format_capacities(int fd, int *type)
{
    unsigned char response[READ_FORMAT_CAPACITIES_CMD[8]];
    struct ufi_capacities *top = NULL;
    struct ufi_capacities *last = NULL;
    struct ufi_capacities *current;
    int i;

    if (ufi_invoke_from(fd, READ_FORMAT_CAPACITIES_CMD, response) != 0) {
      return NULL;
    }
    for (i = 0; i < response[3]; i += 8) {
      current = malloc(sizeof(struct ufi_capacities));
        current->blocks = FOUR_BYTES_TO_INT(response + 4 + i);
        current->block_size = THREE_BYTES_TO_INT(response + 4 + i + 5);
      current->next = NULL;
      if (last != NULL) {
          last->next = current;
      }
      if (top == NULL) {
          top = current;
      }
      last = current;
    }
    if (top == NULL) {
      errno = EPROTO;
      return NULL;
    }
    *type = response[4 + 4] & 0x3;
    return top;
}

struct ufi_product *ufi_inquiry(int fd)
{
    unsigned char response[INQUIRY_CMD[8]];
    struct ufi_product *product;

    if (ufi_invoke_from(fd, INQUIRY_CMD, response) != 0) {
      return NULL;
    }
    product = malloc(sizeof(struct ufi_product));
    product->vendor = dup_name(response, 8, 8);
    product->product = dup_name(response, 16, 16);
    return product;
}

int ufi_mode_sense(int fd, int *write_protected)
{
    unsigned char response[MODE_SENSE_CMD[8]];

    if (ufi_invoke_from(fd, MODE_SENSE_CMD, response) != 0) {
      return UFI_ERROR;
    }
    *write_protected = (response[3] & 0x80) ? UFI_PROTECTED : UFI_NOT_PROTECTED;
    return UFI_GOOD;
}

int ufi_format_unit(int fd, int blocks, int block_size, int track, int head)
{
    unsigned char command[sizeof(FORMAT_UNIT_CMD)];
    unsigned char data[sizeof(FORMAT_UNIT_DATA)];

    memcpy(command, FORMAT_UNIT_CMD, sizeof(command));
    memcpy(data, FORMAT_UNIT_DATA, sizeof(data));
    command[2] = track;
    data[1] |= head;
    data[4] = (blocks >> 24) & 0xff;
    data[5] = (blocks >> 16) & 0xff;
    data[6] = (blocks >> 8) & 0xff;
    data[7] = blocks & 0xff;
    data[9] = (block_size >> 16) & 0xff;
    data[10] = (block_size >> 8) & 0xff;
    data[11] = block_size & 0xff;

    if (ufi_invoke_to(fd, command, data) != 0) {
      return UFI_ERROR;
    }
    return UFI_GOOD;
}

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